In 2017, Finland consumed 85.5 TWh of electricity with a peak demand of 14.3 GW. Carbon emissions from power generation in Finland totaled only 89 g CO2/kWh—the lowest ever measured.
Wind power production broke the previous records and has now become the norm. At the end of 2017, installed wind power capacity amounted to 2,044 MW with 4.8 TWh of production. Renewables provided about 35.5% of the country’s electricity consumption in 2017: 17.1% from hydropower, 12.8% from biomass, and 5.6% from wind power.
The National Energy and Climate Strategy for 2030 (published in 2016) introduced a tendering-based subsidy scheme, which fulfilled the new European Union (EU) guidelines for technology neutrality, was in preparation in 2017. Finland is aiming for 1.4 TWh of production capacity to be put out to tender between 2018-2020.
The 42-MW offshore demonstration wind farm, designed for and constructed in the demanding sea ice environment on the Finnish west coast, began operation in August.
To learn more about Finland’s wind energy sector, please read their chapter in the IEA Wind TCP 2017 Annual Report.