Token Sale

Wind Energy in China

2020 wind energy numbers

China continues to have the highest wind power capacity in the world. The wind power capacity growth presented a higher rate, and 54,427 MW of new wind power capacity was installed, representing a 103.2% increase in growth from last year. Accumulated capacity increased to 290,747 MW. Grid-connected capacity increased to 281,000 MW with the addition of 71,670 MW installed in 2020. New wind power capacity accounted for 12.8% of installed power capacity nationwide.

Wind power remains the third largest generation source in China, following thermal and hydro-electricity sources. The average full-load-hour of wind power was 2,097 hours in 2020, an increase of 15 hours from 2019. Wind-generated electricity totaled 466.65 TWh, increase 15% over the previous year. Wind-generated electricity accounted for 6.2% of the total electricity generation, an increase of 0.6% over 2019. The average wind curtailment rate was 3%, a decline of 1% compared to 2019.

To read more about China's wind energy sector, read CWEA's chapter in the IEA Wind TCP Annual Report.

000000

Megawatt

Total wind power capacity is 290.750 MW.
00000

Megawatt

Wind power capacity in China increased by 54.430 MW in 2020.
000

Terawatt-time

China produces 466.65 TWh from wind energy, which accounts for 6.2% of the country’s electricity consumption.

National Targets

During the 75th Session of UN General Assembly, President Xi Jinping announced China aims to have its carbon dioxide emissions peak before 2030 and achieve carbon neutrality by 2060. At the UN Climate Ambition Summit 2020 in December, it was further proposed that by 2030, non-fossil energy would account for about 25% of primary energy consumption, and the total installed capacity of wind and solar power would reach over 1.2 billion kW. It can be expected that the average annual installed capacity of wind power can reach about 50GW.

In April 2020, the National Energy Administration (NEA) issued the Energy Law of the People's Republic of China (Draft for Comments), which is China's first Energy Law. Renewable energy will be a priority area for energy development, and the mid-term and long-term targets for the development and utilization of renewable energy and targets for the proportion of renewable energy in primary energy consumption will be set.

In March 2020, the National Development and Reform Commission (NDRC) and NEA issued the Notice on the Outline of the Implementation Plan for Guarantee of Electricity Consumption from Renewable Energy Sources at the Provincial Level,   to promote the development and consumption of renewable energy.

Progress & Operational Details

By the end of 2020, China installed 54.43 GW of new wind power capacity (exclusive of Taiwan). This accounted for 56% of new global wind capacity for the year. The accumulated wind power capacity in China reached 290.747 GW, accounting for 39% of wind power capacity worldwide, maintaining the highest wind power capacity in the world.

A total of 20,401 new wind turbines were installed in 2020, bringing the national total of operating turbines to 155,255. The average capacity of newly installed wind turbines was above 2.67 MW, an increase of 9% compared to 2019.

The top five provinces with the most new installed capacity were:

  • Henan (5.8 GW)
  • Inner Mongolia (5 GW)
  • Shanxi (5 GW)
  • Jiangsu(4.7 GW)
  • Hebei (4 GW)

National RDD Priorities and Budget

In 2020, the Ministry of Science and Technology of the People’s Republic of China launched the National Key Research Program of renewable and hydrogen energy. The program, which includes 38 tasks, began implementation in 2020 and aims to improve the innovation capability of renewable and hydrogen energy in China. The total budget is above 606 million CNY (75.8 million EUR; 92.7 million USD), and the budget for wind power is about 60mil CNY(7.5mil EUR; 9.2 mil USD) . The researches of wind power including two directions of:

  • “Key technology of new type high efficiency wind energy conversion device”, research and develop innovative and efficient wind energy conversion devices of megawatt scale under different grid connection modes;
  • Key techniques for aeroelastic design of large flexible blades, according to the design requirements of large wind turbine blades, the key technologies of aeroelastic design of large flexible blades were studied, and the dynamic simulation model and design method of large flexible blades were independently established.
Token Sale