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Wind Energy in Finland

2021 wind energy numbers

The year 2021 showed a sustained boom in wind power installations. The boom of wind deployment in Finland continues with 671MW new capacity in 2021, more than doubling the capacity additions from the previous year. The cumulative wind capacity at the end of 2021 increased by 26%, reaching 3,257 MW.

The wind share of electricity consumption stayed at 9.3%, similar to the previous year’s 9.6% (Finnish Energy (12.01.2022) “The energy year 2021”. Energiateollisuus). Wind-generated electricity reached 8.2TWh, a 5% increase compared to the previous year despite the 26% increase in capacity. The reason is the relatively normal year in terms of wind power index (0.98, close to the long-term average of 1.00), compared to the exceptional previous year ( index 1.17, meaning 17% over the long term average), which has compensated for the new wind capacity made available (Finnish Meteorological Institute (5.4.2022), Wind and wind power indices in Finland for 2016- 2021 based on ERA-5 100-meter wind speed.)

In 2021 Finland consumed 86.5 TWh of electricity, similar to pre-pandemic 2019 (86.1TWh). This represents a recovery from the 6% drop in electricity demand registered in 2020 due to the pandemic.

To learn more about Finland’s wind energy sector, please read their chapter in the IEA Wind TCP 2021 Annual Report.



Total wind power capacity is 3,257 MW.


Wind power capacity in Finland increased by 671 MW in 2021.


Finland produces 8.19 TWh from wind energy, which accounts for 9.3% of the country’s electricity consumption.

National Targets

The existing target sets a 51% share of RES of Finland’s gross final energy consumption in 2030. In connection with this target, the estimated share of electricity consumption from renewables (RES-E) will increase to 50% in 2027 and 53% in 2030 (Ministry of Economic Affairs and Employment. “Finland’s Integrated Energy and Climate Plan” (20.12.2019).

Progress & Operational Details

The newly installed wind turbines reach 150m in diameter and 150m in hub height. The industry has overcome size and logistics challenges for this size of turbines, which suit well the Finnish landscape with forested areas in flat terrain and gentle hills. The 70+ meter full-sized blades have routinely been transported across the country. The average capacity factor in 2021 was 31.9%, similar to [HH1] the average in the period 2018-2021, namely 33.2%.

National RDD Priorities and Budget

The Finnish Funding Agency for Technology and Innovation, Business Finland (BF), continues to fund research and innovation in the country. Wind power is aligned with the key aspects of sustainability and economic growth, which define the Business Finland strategy for 2025.

Public R&D funding in Finland has averaged 1.6 Million € annually during the past decade (Business Finland).

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Member Jussi Mäkelä

Alternate Member Timo Karlsson

Alternate Member Niina Helistö

Alternate Member Raul Prieto