In 2021, over 1.2 GW of new onshore wind was built in France. This number lies slightly above the 2020 figure but well below the average of 1.5 GW over the 2016-2019 period. It should in the future increase to 2.6 GW per year to reach the newly set targets for 2023.
This brings the total wind power capacity to 18.9 GW. Wind and solar now jointly represent 53% of France’s renewable installed power capacity, while wind alone represented one-third of the total renewable electricity production and 7.8 % of the national electricity demand in 2021. Total annual electrical energy output from wind was 36.8 TWh, a significant decrease from 2020. This decrease results from an exceptional capacity factor of 26.5 % reached in 2020.
During 2021, new measures have been put in place, including the start-up of the definition of specific areas suited to the development of onshore wind.
The four awarded offshore projects from the 2012 tender are now under construction, while two procedures of competitive dialogue are ongoing for bottom-fixed and floating offshore wind.
To learn more about France's wind energy sector, please read their chapter in the IEA Wind TCP 2021 Annual Report.