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Wind Energy in Norway

2020 wind energy numbers

Wind power in Norway continued with a high level of deployment and had an increase with 1532 MW in 2020, resulting in a net total installed capacity of 3977 MW at the end of the year. The production of wind based electrical energy in 2020 was 9.9 TWh, an increase of 80 % from the year before. Decreasing LCOE for wind power projects and the end of the electricity certificate scheme drives the latest years’ high deployment of wind power deployment in Norway.

A white paper about the permitting system for onshore wind power in Norway was treated in the Parliament in December. This initiated a governmental process that may lead to several changes to the permitting system.

To learn more about wind energy in Norway, please review their chapter in the IEA Wind TCP 2020 Annual Report.

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Megawatt

Total wind power capacity is 4,000 MW.
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Megawatt

Wind power capacity in Norway increased by 1,500 MW in 2020.
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Terawatt-time

Norway produces 9.9 TWh from wind energy, which accounts for 7.4% of the country’s electricity consumption.

National Targets

As a member of the European Economic Area (EEA), Norway agreed after a lengthy political process to accept the EU’s renewable energy directive in 2011. The target for renewable energy was set to 67.5 % of total energy consumption by 2020. Norway is meeting this target through a combination of increased renewable energy production and energy efficiency measures.

The incentive mechanism for increasing renewable energy production in Norway is a joint support scheme with Sweden to finance 28.4 TWh/yr of new renewable energy production by 2021, of which 13.2 TWh is to be financed by Norwegian power consumers. This incentive structure gives both countries the right to account for 50 % of the new renewable production within the total target of 28.4 TWh/year in their national renewable energy target that they report to the EU Commission.

Progress & Operational Details

Deployment of Norwegian wind power plants has increased dramatically the last five years. A record of 1532 MW was commissioned in 2020, and over 1 100 MW of wind power capacity was under construction in Norway at the end of the year, all onshore.

Fifteen projects were fully commissioned in 2020, and one additional project started producing electricity. Adding to this, one project was reestablished. The sizes of the projects varied from 7 to 47 wind turbines. Costs for the projects stayed relatively unchanged from the previous year, and a preliminary estimate of the weighted average LCOE for the fully commissioned projects was 28 €/MWh.

Wind resources in 2020 were higher than normal, resulting in a capacity weighted production index for Norwegian wind farms in 2020 of 108.7 %. The average capacity factor for Norwegian wind farms in normal operation was 37.4%.

National RDD Priorities and Budget

Energi21 is the Norwegian national strategy for research, development, demonstration and commercialization of new energy technology.

The R&D priorities for offshore wind are:

  • Optimal foundations for both seabed-based and floating turbines and different seabed conditions.
  • Concepts and systems for reliable electric infrastructure (offshore subsea solutions).
  • Cost-effective, time-saving assembly and installation of offshore wind farms.
  • Efficient concepts for marine logistics (heavy maintenance) and robust solutions for access.
  • Concepts and systems for reducing operational and maintenance costs and increasing energy conversion ratios.
  • Enhanced knowledge about offshore wind power’s environmental and societal impacts.

The R&D priorities for onshore wind are:

  • Wind resources (prognoses)
  • Cost-effective operation and maintenance and technology
  • Environmental and societal issues

The budget for the ENERGIX program in 2020 was 52.7 million USD and the same budget is expected in 2021. In total the Research Council granted 7.6 million USD to wind energy research in 2020.

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