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Wind Energy in Sweden

2020 wind energy numbers

In 2020, Sweden installed 1 403 MW of new wind energy capacity (1588 MW were installed in 2019). At the end of the year, the country’s total installed capacity was 10 084 MW from 4 333 wind turbines.

Through the EU burden-sharing agreement, Sweden has a goal of greenhouse gas emission reduction of 40% in 2030 in relation to 2005 level. At the national level, Sweden is to have no net emissions of greenhouse gases into the atmosphere by 2045 and should thereafter achieve negative emissions. To achieve zero net emissions, emissions from activities in Swedish territory are to be at least 85 per cent lower than emissions in 1990. Another national goal is to reach 100% renewable electricity production in 2040. The Swedish Energy Agency estimates that the country will need to install an additional 2.5 to 6 TWh of renewable power capacity per year between 2030 and 2040 to reach that goal, and that wind power will provide a large part of it.

To learn more about wind energy in Sweden, please review their chapter in the IEA Wind TCP 2020 Annual Report.

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Megawatt

Total wind power capacity is 10,100 MW.
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Megawatt

Wind power capacity in Sweden increased by 1,400 MW in 2020.
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Terawatt-time

Sweden produces 27.5 TWh from wind energy, which accounts for 20.2% of the country’s electricity consumption.

National Targets

In 2016, the government, the Moderate Party, the Centre Party, and the Christian Democrats reached an agreement on Sweden’s long-term energy policy, although in 2020, the Moderate party and Christian Democrats left the agreement. The goals were though ratified by the parliament, so they are still valid. They consist of a common roadmap for a controlled transition to an entirely renewable electricity system, with targets as follows:

  • By 2030, Sweden’s energy use should be 50% more efficient than in 2005. The target is expressed in terms of energy relatively to GDP.
  • By 2040, Sweden should achieve 100% renewable electricity production. This target is not a deadline for banning nuclear power, nor does it mean closing nuclear power plants through political decisions.
  • By 2045, Sweden is to have no net emissions of greenhouse gases into the atmosphere; thereafter, the country should achieve negative emissions.

Progress & Operational Details

In 2020, 357 turbines were commissioned with an average nominal capacity of 3.9 MW. All of them were onshore. During the year, the phase 1 of Markbydgen in Piteå commune was completed. It consists of three different areas with a total of 283 turbines (2.3 MW, 3.6 MW and 4 MW) for a total of 956 MW. Fully installed in 2026, the project (3 phases) will have 1100 turbines with an annual electricity production of 8-12 TWh.

A clear trend is an increase of the size of turbines as show in the figures below. Based on available data from 203 turbines, the rotor diameter of installed turbines during 2020 was of 135 m in average with a nominal power of 4.1 MW.

National RDD Priorities and Budget

Three research programs carried out publicly-funded wind energy research in 2020: Vindval, Swedish Wind Power Technology Centre (SWPTC), and VindEL. All three programs were under the supervision of the Swedish Energy Agency.

Vindval is a research program focused on studying the environmental effects of wind power. The program is financed by the Swedish Energy Agency and administrated by the Swedish Environmental Protection Agency.

The Swedish Wind Power Technology Centre (SWPTC) is research center that focuses on optimizing wind turbine design taking into account the interaction between all components.

The program VindEL runs from 2017-2021. The program focuses on finding technical solutions within the three priority areas defined in Sweden’s strategy for wind power.

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