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Wind Energy in Greece

2020 wind energy numbers

The previous year wind energy in Greece continued its dynamic expansion with annual new installations exceeding long term average. 525 MW of new wind farms were completed and connected to the grid in 2020 corresponding to a 13% increase in installed wind capacity. As a result of a decision to speed up the switch to carbon free system, significant installed capacity of lignite plants was shut down, resulting in a drastic reduction of lignite share in electricity  production (12.1% compared to 18% in 2019). Although, natural gas remains the main energy source for the Greek electricity grid, RES are steadily increasing their share, on track to become the major component by 2030.

To read more about the wind energy sector in Greece, please review their chapter in the 2020 Annual Report.

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Megawatt

Total wind power capacity is 4,110 MW.
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Megawatt

Wind power capacity in Greece increased by 520 MW in 2020.
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Terawatt-time

Greece produces 9.32 TWh from wind energy, which accounts for 16,9% of the country’s electricity consumption.

National Targets

The National targets for renewable energy for 2030 as set in the National Plan for the Energy and the Climate foresee a 66% RES share in electricity production by 2030, while all lignite powered stations are to be taken out of operation by 2028 the latest. To achieve this target, an estimated total wind capacity of 7000 MW is needed by the end of 2030. After a record 727 MW new capacity in 2019 and 525 ΜW in 2020, more than 4100 MW are now operational, leaving less than 3000 MW to be installed till 2030. Such a target would require a mean annual installation rate around 300 MW per year. The high volume of new installations in the last two years, indicate that the 2030 target for wind power in Greece is feasible.

Progress & Operational Details

The total installed capacity of wind power in Greece at the end of 2020 reached 4114 MW, (13% increase compared to 2019). The total new capacity installed in Greece in 2020 was 525 MW, less than 2019 (725 MW) but significantly higher than the long term average (245 MW). Wind covered 16.9% of the total electrical energy demand. The retaining of a high volume of installed capacity in the previous two years, reveals a considerable dynamism of the market.

Very limited activity on repowering and hybrid systems was seen in the previous year. However, as the legislative framework for licensing, and market integration of hybrid systems is gradually taking shape, more activity is expected in the near future.

National RDD Priorities and Budget

R&D activities in wind energy in Greece are funded mainly through EU and national programs.  Due to the pandemic situation, no new funding’s schemes relative to wind energy were launched in Greece. Delays were also experienced in contract singing and fund flow for projects approved in the previous year.  A non–exhaustive review of R&D proposals oriented mainly in wind energy that were granted funding in 2020, revealed no new projects awarded to Greek partners.

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