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Wind Energy in Italy

2020 wind energy numbers

In 2020 Italy was one of the first countries strongly affected by the COVID pandemic and consequent lockdowns. This caused delays in all the sectors, including wind park installations and wind energy related research activities. The new yearly power capacity, around 100 MW, represents the minimum value in the last fifteen years. However, three joint PV-wind tenders to access the incentives took place and wind plants won 87% of the whole 1 GW capacity. The renewable penetration registered very relevant peaks.

To learn more about Italy's wind energy sector, please review their chapter in the IEA Wind TCP 2020 Annual Report.



Total wind power capacity is 10,600 MW.


Wind power capacity in Italy increased by 100 MW in 2020.


Italy produces 18.5 TWh from wind energy, which accounts for 6.13% of the country’s electricity consumption.

National Targets

At the end of 2017 the new National Energy strategy (SEN 2017) that outlines national objectives and policies for Italian energy systems by 2030 was published. SEN 2017 set a target of 40 TWh/yr of wind energy production (mostly land based). In line with SEN 2017 the final version of the Integrated National Energy and Climate Action Plan (PNIEC) was published in December 2019. This Plan sets a target of 30% of overall annual energy consumption from renewable energy sources (RES). The contribution of the wind energy is fixed in a total installed capacity of 19.3 GW (including 0.9 GW offshore) producing 41.5 TWh/y at 2030. Therefore, a significant increase in wind power capacity is expected in the next years, also fostering the revamping and repowering interventions to minimize the use of virgin soil and better exploit the windy sites of the old plants.

Progress & Operational Details

According to the National Wind Energy Association (ANEV), Italy installed a new net wind power capacity of 101.6 MW in 2020. The overall wind electricity production in 2020 according to TERNA data was 18.5 TWh, corresponding to 6.1% of Italy’s total electricity demand (total consumption plus grid losses). The 2020 average national capacity factor was 19.9 %.

In 2020, 10 new wind farms of relatively small size were grid-connected. The maximum plant size was 18 MW. 38 new turbines were installed, bringing the country’s total to more than 7,100 operating units.

The estimated average capital cost of 2020 new capacity was 1,200 EUR/kW (1,467 USD/kW).

National RDD Priorities and Budget

Several Italian Research Institutes and Universities actively focus on wind resources, harvesting technologies and wind plants optimal integration into the grid through participation in national and international projects. The year 2020 has been characterized by a transition phase, in which new projects, planned to be concluded by 2021 or later, were in an intermediate phase. Moreover, although the research activities have been carried on during 2020, the COVID-19 situation has affected them to some extent, especially when they required experimental tests. These aspects may form an explanation for the limited number of final research results presented here. The institutions in charge of coordinating, supporting and promoting R&D and setting the policies on climate change are the Ministry of Economic Development (MiSE), the Ministry of Environment and Protection of Land and Sea (MATTM) and the Ministry of Education, Universities and Research (MIUR).

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