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Wind Energy in India

2020 wind energy numbers

As per estimates, India has a wind potential of more than 695.50 GW at a hub height of 120 meters, and the country currently has the fourth-highest wind installed capacity in the world with total installed capacity of 38.62 GW as on 31 December, 2020 and 60.42 billion units were generated from wind power during the year 2020.

To read more about India’s wind energy sector in 2020, read their chapter in the 2020 Annual Report.

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Megawatt

Total wind power capacity is 38,624 MW.

National Targets

India’s Nationally Determined Contributions (NDC) under the Paris Agreement for the Period 2021- 2030 include:

  • To reduce the emissions intensity of its GDP by 33 to 35 percent by 2030 from 2005 level; and
  • To achieve about 40 percent cumulative electric power installed capacity from Non-fossil fuel based
  • energy resources by 2030 with the help of transfer of technology and low cost international finance.

India is well on its way to achieve these targets. India has large renewable energy potential from sources such as wind, solar, biomass, small hydro, among others. As per estimates, India has a wind potential of more than 695 GW at a hub height of 120 meters, solar potential of ~750 GW, assuming 3% wasteland is made available, small hydro potential of~20 GW, and bio-energy potential of 25 GW.

Progress & Operational Details

India’s wind energy sector is led by indigenous wind power industry and has shown consistent progress. The expansion of the wind industry has resulted in a strong ecosystem, project operation capabilities and manufacturing base of about 10,000 MW per annum.

The country currently has the fourth highest wind installed capacity in the world with total installed capacity of 38.62 GW (as on 31st December, 2020) and 60.42 Billion Units were generated from wind power during the year 2020.

India has one of the highest rates of growth for renewable energy in the world. As per Global Trends in Renewable Energy Investment 2020 report, during the period 2014-2019, renewable energy programs and projects in India attracted an investment of US$ 64.2 billion.

National RDD Priorities and Budget

In order to strengthen the domestic capacity for design and development of new offshore wind energy turbines, a testing cum research facility was necessary and NIWE has already identified the suitable site at Dhanushkodi, Tamil Nadu for establishment of the testing cum research center. The required land for the purpose has been allotted by Govt. of Tamil Nadu. NIWE is in the process of preparing a detailed project report for the center.

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