Token Sale

Wind Energy in The European Union

2022 wind energy numbers

In 2022, 16 GW of new wind capacity was installed, constituting a 40% increase compared to 2021 installations. Despite challenges affecting the economic environment and supply chain, this was a record year for installations in the EU.

The level of new deployment in 2023 is expected to be similar to 2022. After 2023, the momentum is expected to increase even further, averaging 20 GW of new capacity annually over the next five years. However, a more significant escalation in installations is essential to reach the EU energy and climate goals. The electrification of industry, transport, and construction sectors creates demand for additional renewable power capacity. Government-backed revenue stabilisation mechanisms are still the preferred support scheme for the industry, but corporate renewable PPAs continue to play a growing role in financing wind energy projects.

To read more about the European Commission’s wind energy sector, please visit their chapter in the IEA Wind TCP 2022 Annual Report.



Total wind power capacity is 204,000MW.


Wind power capacity in the EU increased by 16,000 MW in 2022.


EU produces 412 TWh from wind energy, which accounts for 16% of EU’s electricity consumption.

National Targets

The Russian invasion of Ukraine highlighted Europe’s dependency on Russian fossil fuel imports and transformed the narrative on energy policy. In response, the European Commission issued the so-called REPowerEU Plan, which aims to reduce dependence on Russian fossil fuel imports. One initiative aims to streamline permitting processes with the purpose of fast-tracking renewable energy deployment.

In March 2023, the European Parliament and Council reached a consensus on an amendment regarding the Renewable Energy Directive. Their agreement sets a new ambitious target where renewable energy must account for a 42.5% share of energy demand. This marks a significant increase from the initial goal of 32%.

Progress & Operational Details

In 2022, the EU-27 installed 16 GW of capacity, split between 15 GW onshore and 1 GW offshore. Now, 204 GW of installed power capacity, 188 GW onshore and 16 GW offshore, contributes to the European electricity demand. Furthermore, 454 MW of old onshore wind farm capacity was decommissioned. Germany had the highest new capacity installed in 2022, with 2.7 GW, followed by Finland, France, Sweden, and Spain.

In 2022, wind energy generated 412 TWh, which was a 9% increase in production within the EU-27. This was primarily attributed to significant installations in Sweden and Finland and favourable wind conditions in Northern Europe. This coincided with a decrease in energy demand, likely due to rising electricity prices and governmental interventions to curtail consumption. As a result, wind energy supplied 16% of the EU-27 energy demand, an increase of 2% from 2021.

National RDD Priorities and Budget

Research funding in Europe’s biggest research and innovation programme showed continued support for wind energy in the last year. Funding in 2022 increased in terms of the number of projects funded and in financial support, indicating a recovery to 2020 levels. The number of new wind energy projects increased from 11 to 15 in 2022 and cumulated investment granted to European wind energy projects doubled to 67.7 million EUR (71.4 million USD) compared to 2021 (30 million EUR; 31.6 million USD) (see Table 1), returning to 2020 levels. Figure 2 shows the development of R&I funding in 2009 – 2022 under the Horizon Europe funding programme and its predecessors, FP7 and H2020. 29% of EC funding (19.5 million EUR (20.9 million USD)) was granted to wind energy projects starting in 2022, which focused on offshore wind technology research, followed by floating offshore (17.4%) and new materials and components (7%).

Token Sale

European Commission

Enrico Degiorgis

Alternate Member
Evdokia Tapoglou

Alternate Member
Matthijs Soede


Alexander Vandenbergue

Alternate Member
Capucine Vannoorenberghe