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Wind Energy in The Netherlands

2020 wind energy numbers

In 2020 the total installed wind power capacity was 6.6 GW which is considerably more than the 4.5 GW in 2019. This is mainly due to the increase in offshore wind power from 1 GW to 2.5 GW, following to the planned rollout of the Borssele windfarms. the end of 2024 about 4.5 GW wind power should be installed according to the first road map in the Dutch part of the North Sea. Until 2030 another 6 GW is currently under development according to the second road map bringing total offshore capacity to 11 GW in the Dutch part of the North Sea.

The commissioning of the onshore windfarms is going slowly but steadily towards the 6 GW goal of 2020. In 2020 a total of 4.1 GW was installed. The growth rate in 2020 has increased compared to last year, 537 MW new onshore wind power was installed. The growth however remains being hampered because of the spatial and permit issues and opposition by local residents. More than 6 GW onshore wind power seems unlikely in the Netherlands.

To learn more about wind energy in the Netherlands, please read their chapter in the IEA Wind TCP 2020 Annual Report.

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Megawatt

Total wind power capacity is 6,600 MW.
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Megawatt

Wind power capacity in The Netherlands increased by 2,100 MW in 2020.
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Terawatt-time

The Netherlands produces 13.896 TWh from wind energy, which accounts for 8,8% of the country’s electricity consumption.

National Targets

According to the Dutch climate agreement there must be a reduction of 49% in CO2 emissions in 2030 compared to the 1990 level. All sectors electricity, industry, mobility, built environment and agriculture have to contribute to achieve this goal. The renewable electricity production has to increase from 17 TWh in 2017 to 84 TWh in 2030 of which 49 TWh has to be generated by offshore wind and 35 TWh by renewables onshore. 18 TWh of the onshore electricity will be generated by 6 GW wind energy capacity and the rest by other renewables like solar PV. For offshore the 49 TWh can be entirely generated by the planned 11 GW in 2030 in the Dutch part of the North Sea. No other power sources are foreseen at sea until 2030.

Progress & Operational Details

In 2020 the Borssele windfarms 1&2 and 3&4 were commissioned, together 1.5 GW. This is the first step in the route towards 4.5 GW offshore wind in 2023 in de Dutch part of the North Sea, which seems an achievable goal because now all permits have been issued.

Vattenfall which has been rewarded the permits for Hollandse Kust Zuid (HKZ) wind farms will commission about 1.5 GW in 2023. These are the first offshore wind parks without subsidy. HKZ will consist of 140 Siemens Gamesa wind turbines (each 11 MW).

National RDD Priorities and Budget

The new MOOI subsidy was put out to tender in 2020 for the first time. MOOI stands for Mission oriented Research, Design and Innovation. Project proposals had to provide integral solutions, multi-disciplinary cooperation and active sharing of knowledge. Wind energy projects have to contribute to a combination of cost reduction and optimization, integration in energy system (including storage and conversion) and spatial integration (ecology and multi-use). For offshore wind the budget was €10 million and for renewable onshore €11 million. In 2021 there will be a new tender which projects can apply focusing on innovations for the integration of large amounts of renewable electricity generated by wind and solar PV. The budget is €13.8 million.

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