High increase in generation in 2021, surpassing 19TWh and 15 % share of demand.
Capacity factors in 2021 were 39% offshore and 23% onshore.
Vattenfall is now installing the offshore wind farm Hollandse Kust Zuid (1.5 GW). It is expected to be commissioned in 2023 and is the first offshore wind park without subsidy. HKZ will consist of 140 Siemens Gamesa wind turbines, each 11 MW.
In 2020 the permit for Hollandse Kust Noord (HKN) offshore wind farm (759 MW) was awarded to Crosswind, a consortium of Shell, Eneco, Siemens Gamesa, and Van Oord. In the tender for HKN, innovations were required. The following innovations will be developed and tested in HKN: intelligent wind turbine control, steering the wake, floating solar, and energy storage. HKN is expected to be operational in 2023.
After two years, a new tender for a new offshore wind farm, the Hollandse Kust West, is under a new law. Next to the qualitative tender criteria, the Ministry of Economic Affairs and Climate asks for a financial offer from the tenderers. This tender will close on 17 May 2022, and a decision is expected in October 2022. The capacity is 1.5 GW.