Achieving climate goals means reducing greenhouse gas emissions from all energy sectors. Deep decarbonization of heating, transport, and industry can be achieved by substituting fossil fuels with emission-free alternatives. Since the main emission-free energy technologies generate electricity, it seems inevitable that the other energy sectors must be largely electrified. At the same time, electrification of energy brings new alternatives for managing the variability of wind power and solar PV in a cost-effective manner.
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